With the fall of the Iron Curtain and Slovakia acceding to the EU, border controls with Austria were abolished and the liberalisation and mobility of the labour market followed. The ensuing economic integration of the new EU member states resulted in a big increase in traffic volumes particularly with regard to private use of car transport. The regions Vienna-Lower Austria-Burgenland and Bratislava-Trnava were especially affected. To handle this increase, steps had to be taken in establishing a common transport policy and improving infrastructure. An assessment of transport infrastructure investments on a sound basis had to be undertaken based on transport models. Before this project was introduced only stand-alone transport models existed on each side of the border and did not support the assessment and planning of transport infrastructure investments on a sound cross-border basis.
establishing a cross-border model entirely covering both private and public motorised transport.
making data and the model public and accessible to any interested party.
The following activities were carried out:
As a first step, existing traffic models and data were brought together in a consolidated cross-border model.
This model was calibrated by traffic measurements. Structural data about the population, the labour market etc. were gathered to calculate flows of traffic. Future flows of traffic could also be integrated and forecast by these means.
In cooperation with planning- and decision-making units, future steps were defined. Subsequent decisions in traffic planning will be based on the prognoses of the traffic model.
The project resulted in the creation of a cross-border model to support the infrastructure planning process in the cross-border area.
This model is intermodal, covering private car transport as well as public transport (bus, rail, underground), bike traffic and pedestrians. In addition the results of the study are accessible to all possible interesred parties such as public authorities and public transport agencies and associations.
Aspects of good practice
This is a pure cross-border project which is also particlarly strong on innovation and with excellent sustainability potential.
It is an ambitious project ultimately aiming to build a cross-border transport model and infrastructure investment plans for the CENTROPE region (a multinational cross-border region encompassing regions and provinces of four Central European countries: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia). As such, a broader project is realised with support under three ETC programmes: SK-AT, AT-CZ and AT-HU.
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